The Glasgow Looking Glass, published in 1826, was believed the world’s first modern comic strip ever made. Later the publication known as The Northern Looking Glass, lampooned the fashions and politics of the times. It had all of the elements that make up the modern comic, including pictures with captions that display a continuous narrative given often in installments, and the use of speech bubbles, satire and caricature.
A Francophone Swiss artist, Rodolphe Topffer, was the father of comic strip and heir to the experiments of the English caricaturists in 19th century. Though speech balloons fell from favor during the middle 19th century, Topffer’s demonstrated stories, with text grouped beneath images, were reprinted throughout Europe and the U.S. The absence of copyright laws at the time meant that copy illegally editions reproduced and translated versions created a market on both continents for same works. Topffer legalized his thoughts in 1843, on the picture story in his Essay on Physiognomics.
In 1845, the structural drawings, appeared in different magazines and newspapers, get a name cartoons. In art, cartoon is a pencil sketch to be over painted. In 1841, The British magazine named Punch, submit to its ‘humorous penciling as cartoons in a satirical reference to the Parliament of the day, who were themselves arranging an exhibition of cartoons, or preparatory drawings. This usage became common parlance, lasting to the current day. Similar magazines containing cartoons in Europe like Fliegende Blatter and Le Charivari, at the same time as in the U.S. Judge and Puck has very popular.